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ISSN 1673-9159

主管 广东省高等教育厅

主办 广东海洋大学

我国淡水增养殖系统温室气体排放的时空特征研究进展

2023. 我国淡水增养殖系统温室气体排放的时空特征研究进展. 广东海洋大学学报, 43(6): 153-162. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-9159.2023.06.018
引用本文: 2023. 我国淡水增养殖系统温室气体排放的时空特征研究进展. 广东海洋大学学报, 43(6): 153-162. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-9159.2023.06.018
ZHANG Zheng, LIU Mei, ZHOU Dan, LUO Kai, LIAN Qingping, ZOU Songbao, CHENG Guangmei, XU Qiaoqing, YUAN Junlin. 2023. Spatial and Temporal Characteristics of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Freshwater Aquaculture Systems in China. Journal of Guandong Ocean University, 43(6): 153-162. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-9159.2023.06.018
Citation: ZHANG Zheng, LIU Mei, ZHOU Dan, LUO Kai, LIAN Qingping, ZOU Songbao, CHENG Guangmei, XU Qiaoqing, YUAN Junlin. 2023. Spatial and Temporal Characteristics of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Freshwater Aquaculture Systems in China. Journal of Guandong Ocean University, 43(6): 153-162. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-9159.2023.06.018

我国淡水增养殖系统温室气体排放的时空特征研究进展

  • 基金项目:

    浙江省重点研发“邻雁”项目(2022C02027);湖州市公益应用研究项目(2022GZ24);浙江省自然科学基金资助项目(LTGS23C030005);农业农村部淡水渔业健康养殖重点实验室开放项目(ZJK202312)

详细信息
    作者简介:

    张政(1999-),男,硕士研究生,研究方向为养殖水域生态学。E-mail:18508156721@163.com

  • 中图分类号: Q981.1

Spatial and Temporal Characteristics of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Freshwater Aquaculture Systems in China

  • Fund Project: 浙江省重点研发“邻雁”项目(2022C02027);湖州市公益应用研究项目(2022GZ24);浙江省自然科学基金资助项目(LTGS23C030005);农业农村部淡水渔业健康养殖重点实验室开放项目(ZJK202312)
  • 【目的】综述4种主要淡水增养殖系统温室气体(N2O、CO2和CH4)排放时空特征、各区域温室气体排放量与增温潜势,提出相应减排措施,为助力农业领域尽早实现“碳达峰,碳中和”提供参考。【方法】根据不同系统温室气体排放研究,总结不同系统的时空排放特征,估算我国内陆不同增养殖系统的排放系数,在此基础上得到各个省份区域单位面积和单位产量的年排放量与增温潜势。【结果】除集约化养殖外,稻渔综合种养、大水面增殖、半集约化养殖温室气体排放均存在明显的时空变化特征:以秦岭淮河为分界,不同模式温室气体排放存在南北差异,各养殖水域内部也存在较高的空间变异性;时间排放特征主要受温度影响,在夏秋高温季节CH4、CO2和N2O的排放强度更大,同时存在明显的昼夜变化。其中N2O排放系数依次为集约化(产量系数26.10 g·kg-1,面积系数157.67 g·m-2)>稻渔综合种养(4.11 g·kg-1,0.40 g·m-2)>大水面增殖和半集约化(0.43 g·kg-1,0.19 g·m-2),CH4的排放系数最高出现在大水面增殖(189.02 g·kg-1,76.37 g·m-2),CO2的排放系数最高出现在稻渔综合种养(3 357.24 g·kg-1,1 079.36 g·m-2)。【结论】我国淡水增养殖系统为温室气体的排放源,存在较明显的时空变化特征,准确编制淡水增养殖系统温室气体排放清单是实现农业“碳达峰,碳中和”的重要一环。
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收稿日期:  2023-08-11

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