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ISSN 1673-9159

主管 广东省高等教育厅

主办 广东海洋大学

包膜丁酸钠对大规格刺参生长性能、消化、抗氧化和相关基因表达的影响

2023. 包膜丁酸钠对大规格刺参生长性能、消化、抗氧化和相关基因表达的影响. 广东海洋大学学报, 43(6): 28-36. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-9159.2023.06.004
引用本文: 2023. 包膜丁酸钠对大规格刺参生长性能、消化、抗氧化和相关基因表达的影响. 广东海洋大学学报, 43(6): 28-36. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-9159.2023.06.004
WANG Chengqiang, LI Baoshan, SUN Yongzhi, WANG Xiaoyan, HAO Tiantian, XIANG Zhiwei, LIU Caili, WANG Peifeng, WANG Jiying. 2023. Effects of Coated Sodium Butyrate on Growth Performance, Digestive Capacity, Antioxidant Capacity and Related-gene mRNA Expression of Large-size Sea Cucumber(Apostichopus japonicus). Journal of Guandong Ocean University, 43(6): 28-36. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-9159.2023.06.004
Citation: WANG Chengqiang, LI Baoshan, SUN Yongzhi, WANG Xiaoyan, HAO Tiantian, XIANG Zhiwei, LIU Caili, WANG Peifeng, WANG Jiying. 2023. Effects of Coated Sodium Butyrate on Growth Performance, Digestive Capacity, Antioxidant Capacity and Related-gene mRNA Expression of Large-size Sea Cucumber(Apostichopus japonicus). Journal of Guandong Ocean University, 43(6): 28-36. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-9159.2023.06.004

包膜丁酸钠对大规格刺参生长性能、消化、抗氧化和相关基因表达的影响

  • 基金项目:

    山东省现代农业产业技术体系刺参产业技术体系(SDAIT-22-06);海洋生物资源的开发与利用项目(220-0110-JBN-54EY)

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王成强(1988-),男,工程师,主要从事水产动物营养与饲料研究。E-mail:chengqiangwang@126.com

  • 中图分类号: S963

Effects of Coated Sodium Butyrate on Growth Performance, Digestive Capacity, Antioxidant Capacity and Related-gene mRNA Expression of Large-size Sea Cucumber(Apostichopus japonicus)

  • Fund Project: 山东省现代农业产业技术体系刺参产业技术体系(SDAIT-22-06);海洋生物资源的开发与利用项目(220-0110-JBN-54EY)
  • 【目的】探究饲料中添加包膜丁酸钠对大规格刺参(Apostichopus japonicus)生长性能、消化和抗氧化能力及相关基因表达的影响,为丁酸钠在刺参养成阶段生产中的合理利用提供依据。【方法】选用初始体质量为(55.96±0.20)g的刺参为研究对象,通过在基础饲料中添加质量分数为0、0.05%、0.10%、0.20%、0.40%、0.60%的包膜丁酸钠(丁酸钠有效质量分数≥75%),制成6组等氮等脂的实验饲料,其中未添加组为对照组,养殖周期为8周。【结果】实验结果表明,刺参存活率在不同实验组间无显著差异(P>0.05),增重率(WGR)及特定生长率(SGR)均在0.40%添加组达到最高水平,显著高于对照组、0.05%和0.10%添加组(P<0.05);刺参肠道蛋白酶和脂肪酶活性均在0.40%添加组达到最高水平,同0.60%添加组无显著差异(P>0.05),显著高于对照组(P<0.05)。另外,肠道淀粉酶活性在不同实验组间无显著差异(P>0.05);刺参肠道免疫能力方面,添加量在0.20%以上时,肠道中超氧化物歧化酶(SOD)、过氧化氢酶(CAT)活性和总抗氧化能力(T-AOC)均显著高于对照组(P<0.05),而肠道丙二醛(MDA)含量呈相反的变化趋势(P<0.05);刺参肠道NF-κB转录因子(Rel)相对表达量均在0.40%添加组组达到最高值,显著高于对照组(P<0.05),同时肠道NF-κB转录因子(P105)相对表达量同Rel呈相反变化趋势(P<0.05)。刺参肠道溶菌酶(lysozyme)相对表达量在0.40%添加组达到最高值,显著高于对照组和0.60%添加组(P<0.05)。【结论】在本研究条件下,饲料中添加0.40%的包膜丁酸钠对大规格刺参生长性能、消化能力和抗氧化能力起到一定的促进作用。丁酸钠可以通过调节NF-κB信号通路相关因子影响刺参的抗炎水平,进而对机体的免疫能力产生积极影响。
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出版历程
收稿日期:  2023-08-16

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