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ISSN 1673-9159

主管 广东省高等教育厅

主办 广东海洋大学

胍基乙酸对许氏平鲉生长性能、消化吸收、代谢及抗氧化能力的影响

2023. 胍基乙酸对许氏平鲉生长性能、消化吸收、代谢及抗氧化能力的影响. 广东海洋大学学报, 43(6): 19-27. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-9159.2023.06.003
引用本文: 2023. 胍基乙酸对许氏平鲉生长性能、消化吸收、代谢及抗氧化能力的影响. 广东海洋大学学报, 43(6): 19-27. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-9159.2023.06.003
HAO Tiantian, YU Chaolei, SUN Yongzhi, LI Baoshan, WANG Xiaoyan, WANG Chengqiang, LI Lu, HUANG Bingshan. 2023. Effects of Guanidinoacetic Acetic Acid on Growth Performance, Digestion and Absorption, Metabolism and Antioxidant Capacity of Sebastes schlegelii. Journal of Guandong Ocean University, 43(6): 19-27. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-9159.2023.06.003
Citation: HAO Tiantian, YU Chaolei, SUN Yongzhi, LI Baoshan, WANG Xiaoyan, WANG Chengqiang, LI Lu, HUANG Bingshan. 2023. Effects of Guanidinoacetic Acetic Acid on Growth Performance, Digestion and Absorption, Metabolism and Antioxidant Capacity of Sebastes schlegelii. Journal of Guandong Ocean University, 43(6): 19-27. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-9159.2023.06.003

胍基乙酸对许氏平鲉生长性能、消化吸收、代谢及抗氧化能力的影响

  • 基金项目:

    山东省重点研发计划(科技示范工程)(2021SFGC0701);山东省自然科学基金青年基金(ZR2020QC206)

详细信息
    作者简介:

    郝甜甜(1987-),女,工程师,研究方向为水生动物营养与饲料。E-mail:haotiantian0805@163.com

  • 中图分类号: S963.73

Effects of Guanidinoacetic Acetic Acid on Growth Performance, Digestion and Absorption, Metabolism and Antioxidant Capacity of Sebastes schlegelii

  • Fund Project: 山东省重点研发计划(科技示范工程)(2021SFGC0701);山东省自然科学基金青年基金(ZR2020QC206)
  • 【目的】探究饲料中添加胍基乙酸(GAA)对许氏平鲉(Sebastes schlegelii)生长性能、消化吸收、代谢及抗氧化能力的影响,为GAA在许氏平鲉网箱养殖配合饲料中的应用提供依据。【方法】取初始体质量为(125.00±1.00)g许氏平鲉,分别投喂添加质量分数0.00%、0.01%、0.02%、0.04%、0.08%的胍基乙酸5种等氮等脂饲料(分别记为D0、D1、D2、D3和D4组)7周,测定许氏平鲉生长性能、消化酶活力、抗氧化能力、血清生化指标和肝脏糖代谢等指标。【结果】1)与对照组(D0)相比,D1、D2、D3和D4组显著提高了鱼体增重率、特定生长率和蛋白质效率,降低了饲料系数(P<0.05);2)饲料中添加胍基乙酸对全鱼水分、粗蛋白、粗脂肪、粗灰分均无显著影响(P>0.05);3)与D0组相比,D1、D2、D3和D4组肠道胰蛋白酶和淀粉酶活力显著升高(P<0.05),脂肪酶活力则在D3和D4组显著升高(P<0.05);4)与D0组相比,D3组血清甘油三酯和高密度脂蛋白胆固醇含量显著升高(P<0.05);5)与D0组相比,D1、D2、D3和D4组肝脏总抗氧化能力显著提高(P<0.05),丙二醛含量则在D1、D2、D3和D4组显著降低(P<0.05),D2、D3和D4组超氧化物歧化酶活力显著提高(P<0.05)。6)与D0组相比,D1、D2、D3和D4组肝脏丙酮酸激酶活力和肌酸激酶活力均显著降低(P<0.05),磷酸果糖激酶活力则在D3组显著降低(P<0.05),D2、D3和D4组肝脏中肌酸(Cr)含量显著升高(P<0.05)。【结论】以增重率为评价指标,许氏平鲉饲料中胍基乙酸的适宜添加量为0.04%;饲料中添加0.04%~0.08%胍基乙酸可提高许氏平鲉肠道消化酶活力,并可通过调节代谢产物Cr的含量发挥抗氧化和能量调节作用。
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收稿日期:  2023-09-25

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