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ISSN 2095-9869

主管 中华人民共和国农业部

主办 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所、中国水产学会

模拟快递运输对雌性中华绒螯蟹活力及其蟹肉品质的影响

2024. 模拟快递运输对雌性中华绒螯蟹活力及其蟹肉品质的影响. 渔业科学进展, 45(1): 234-245. doi: 10.19663/j.issn2095-9869.20220711001
引用本文: 2024. 模拟快递运输对雌性中华绒螯蟹活力及其蟹肉品质的影响. 渔业科学进展, 45(1): 234-245. doi: 10.19663/j.issn2095-9869.20220711001
XIAO Tong, DING Wei, LU Qi, GUO Xueqian, YIN Mingyu, WANG Xichang. 2024. Effect of Simulated Express Transportation Period on Vigor and Meat Quality of Female Chinese Mitten Crab (Eriocheir sinensis). Progress in Fishery Sciences, 45(1): 234-245. doi: 10.19663/j.issn2095-9869.20220711001
Citation: XIAO Tong, DING Wei, LU Qi, GUO Xueqian, YIN Mingyu, WANG Xichang. 2024. Effect of Simulated Express Transportation Period on Vigor and Meat Quality of Female Chinese Mitten Crab (Eriocheir sinensis). Progress in Fishery Sciences, 45(1): 234-245. doi: 10.19663/j.issn2095-9869.20220711001

模拟快递运输对雌性中华绒螯蟹活力及其蟹肉品质的影响

  • 基金项目:

    上海市现代农业产业技术体系(沪农科产字〔2021〕第4号)资助。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    肖童,E-mail:13337217515@163.com

  • 中图分类号: S981

Effect of Simulated Express Transportation Period on Vigor and Meat Quality of Female Chinese Mitten Crab (Eriocheir sinensis)

  • Fund Project: 上海市现代农业产业技术体系(沪农科产字〔2021〕第4号)资助。
  • 探究雌性中华绒螯蟹(Eriocheir sinensis)在运输过程中活力、生化特性和滋味品质的变化,并分析三者之间的相关性。通过模拟电商生鲜运输条件,对模拟快递运输24 h、48 h和72 h的中华绒螯蟹活力进行统计和评价,以乳酸、挥发性盐基氮(TVB-N)和pH等分析中华绒螯蟹蟹肉生化特性的变化,同时以游离氨基酸、呈味核苷酸及感官等评价中华绒螯蟹蟹肉滋味品质的变化。结果显示,中华绒螯蟹在24 h的模拟运输下,无死亡且活力强劲,蟹肉乳酸和TVB-N等与0 h组无显著差异,且24 h组蟹肉的苦味氨基酸含量最低,为105.10 mg/100 g,印证了活蟹当日送达的重要性。超过24 h后,中华绒螯蟹的活力显著下降,死亡率上升,其中,模拟运输48 h后死亡率为3.33%,72 h后死亡率达40.00%;其蟹肉乳酸、TVB-N及pH显著升高;随着运输时间的延长,蟹肉鲜、甜、苦味游离氨基酸含量均呈先下降后上升的趋势,而在模拟运输72 h后,5′-肌苷酸(IMP)含量显著增加至97.47 mg/100 g,5′-鸟苷酸(GMP)含量骤降至6.49 mg/100 g。感官结果则表明,经过模拟快递运输后,蟹肉的鲜味强度降低。综上所述,随着运输时间的延长,雌性中华绒螯蟹的死亡率显著上升,活力显著下降,生化特性和滋味品质发生显著改变,本研究可为销售运输过程中中华绒螯蟹的品质变化提供参考,并为后续运输条件优化提供理论依据。
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出版历程
收稿日期:  2022-07-11
修回日期:  2022-08-08

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