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ISSN 2095-9869

主管 中华人民共和国农业部

主办 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所、中国水产学会

2种驱鲨方式对海水水质及海水鱼类急性毒性影响

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2023. 2种驱鲨方式对海水水质及海水鱼类急性毒性影响. 渔业科学进展, 44(6): 250-259. doi: 10.19663/j.issn2095-9869.20220607002
引用本文: 2023. 2种驱鲨方式对海水水质及海水鱼类急性毒性影响. 渔业科学进展, 44(6): 250-259. doi: 10.19663/j.issn2095-9869.20220607002
LIU Li-na, WANG Jin-jin, LIAO Mei-jie, WANG Shi-feng, LI Bin, RONG Xiao-jun, WANG Yin-geng, ZHENG Tong-xiao. 2023. Effect of Two Shark-Repelling Methods on the Seawater Quality and Acute Toxicity of Seawater Fish. Progress in Fishery Sciences, 44(6): 250-259. doi: 10.19663/j.issn2095-9869.20220607002
Citation: LIU Li-na, WANG Jin-jin, LIAO Mei-jie, WANG Shi-feng, LI Bin, RONG Xiao-jun, WANG Yin-geng, ZHENG Tong-xiao. 2023. Effect of Two Shark-Repelling Methods on the Seawater Quality and Acute Toxicity of Seawater Fish. Progress in Fishery Sciences, 44(6): 250-259. doi: 10.19663/j.issn2095-9869.20220607002

2种驱鲨方式对海水水质及海水鱼类急性毒性影响

  • 基金项目:

    “十三五”军队重点学科专业建设项目(2020SZ21)

    中国水产科学研究院中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项资金(2020TD40)共同资助

详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘李娜,E-mail:liulina0106@sina.com

  • 中图分类号: S943

Effect of Two Shark-Repelling Methods on the Seawater Quality and Acute Toxicity of Seawater Fish

  • Fund Project: 中国水产科学研究院中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项资金(2020TD40)共同资助
  • 本研究采用模拟生态学的方法,选取化学驱鲨剂和电脉冲驱鲨装置2种驱鲨产品,以牙鲆(Paralichthy solivaceus)、许氏鲆鲉(Sebastes schlegelii)和斑石鲷(Oplegnathus punctatus)幼鱼鱼苗为测试对象,测定不同驱鲨方式使用后对海水水质和鱼苗生理及存活的影响。在不投放鱼苗的水槽中使用相关驱鲨产品测定水质指标的变化。结果显示,化学驱鲨剂的溶解和释放可显著降低水体的透明度和pH (P<0.05),而电脉冲驱鲨装置对水质指标无显著影响。在3种鱼类的养殖水槽中使用相应驱鲨产品,测定结果显示,对照组中幼鱼全部正常,而化学驱鲨剂组的幼鱼鳃和鱼鳍等器官迅速被染成蓝色,幼鱼在15 min内的死亡率达到100%;电脉冲驱鲨装置组的幼鱼除了在设备启动瞬间受到惊扰出现躲避行为外,很快就恢复到自然活动状态,没有出现死亡。由于化学驱鲨剂造成急性死亡,化学驱鲨剂组3种幼鱼的血常规指标无显著变化,而电脉冲驱鲨装置组幼鱼的红细胞和白细胞数量显著升高;化学驱鲨剂组实验幼鱼血液氯离子含量、血糖(GLU)和碱性磷酸酶(AKP)活力等指标显著升高,而血白蛋白(ALB)含量显著降低;电脉冲驱鲨装置组中,牙鲆的GLU和谷丙转氨酶(GPT)活力显著升高,其他幼鱼的血液生化指标无显著差异。组织病理学结果显示,化学驱鲨剂组3种幼鱼鳃、肝脏、脾脏和心脏的器官结构均受到组织损伤。研究表明,与化学驱鲨剂相比,电脉冲驱鲨装置对海水水质的影响较小,且对主要的海水鱼类的毒性作用较小,是一种更为环保的驱鲨方式,相关研究结果将为人类在海洋探索活动中驱鲨方式的选择提供科学依据。
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出版历程
收稿日期:  2022-06-07
修回日期:  2022-06-23

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