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2022, 37(2): 352-362. doi: 10.16535/j.cnki.dlhyxb.2021-201

人工鱼礁建礁材料研究应用进展

1. 大连海洋大学 辽宁省海洋牧场工程技术研究中心, 辽宁 大连 116023;

2. 设施渔业教育部重点实验室(大连海洋大学), 辽宁 大连 116023;

3. 大连海洋大学 海洋与土木工程学院, 辽宁 大连 116023

收稿日期:2021-08-22

基金项目:   南方海洋科学与工程广东省实验室(广州)人才团队引进重大专项(GML2019ZD0402)  辽宁省教育厅科研项目(LJKZ0719)  大连市科技创新基金(2021JJ11CG001)  辽宁省"百千万人才工程"资助项目(辽人社[2019]45号) 

关键词: 人工鱼礁材料 , 海洋牧场 , 耐久性 , 环境适应性 , 生物亲和性

Research and application progress of artificial reef construction materials: a review

1. Center for Marine Ranching Engineering Science Research of Liaoning, Dalian Ocean University, Dalian 116023, China;

2. Key Laboratory of Environment Controlled Aquaculture (Dalian Ocean University), Ministry of Education, Dalian 116023, China;

3. College of Ocean and Civil Engineering, Dalian Ocean University, Dalian 116023, China

Received Date:2021-08-22

Keywords: artificial reef material , marine ranching , durability , environmental adaptability , biological affinity

人工鱼礁是用于修复和优化海域生态环境、建设海洋水生生物生息场的人工设施,也是海洋牧场建设中的基础生态工程。在人工鱼礁建设过程中,建礁材料的选择及使用直接关系到人工鱼礁的建设效果。本文从建礁材料的6个主要类别及材料使用所考虑的耐久性、环境适应性、生物亲和性和经济性等方面,综述了国内外人工鱼礁建礁材料的发展现状,整理分析了各种建礁材料的特性及应用效果,并结合目前材料发展方向,在生态环保型材料、资源循环利用型新材料、双碳目标下的碳封存功能材料及基于智能材料的新型人工鱼礁材料等的研发与应用等方面提出未来发展建议,以期为人工鱼礁建礁材料的选择及新型材料的研发提供科学参考。

Artificial reef is an artificial facility used to restore and optimize the marine ecological environment and to build a habitat for marine aquatic organisms. It is also a basic ecological project in the construction of marine ranching. The selection and use of reef materials are directly related to the effect of artificial reef. From the six main categories of reef materials and the durability, environmental adaptability, biological affinity and economy considered in the use of materials, this paper summarizes the development status of materials used in the construction of artificial reefs at home and abroad, arranges and analyzes the characteristics and application effects of various reef materials of artificial reefs, and future development suggestions are put forward in the research, development and application of eco-friendly materials, new materials for resource recycling, carbon sequestration functional materials under double carbon goals and new artificial reef materials based on intelligent materials. It is expected to provide scientific reference for the selection of reef materials and the research and development of new materials.

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人工鱼礁建礁材料研究应用进展