首页 >  渔业研究 >  影响剑鱼分布和延绳钓CPUE的主要因素研究进展

2023, 45(5): 513-522. doi: 10.14012/j.cnki.fjsc.2023.05.012

影响剑鱼分布和延绳钓CPUE的主要因素研究进展

1. 上海海洋大学海洋科学学院, 上海 201306;

2. 国家远洋渔业工程技术研究中心, 上海 201306;

3. 中水集团远洋股份有限公司, 北京 100032

收稿日期:2023-02-27

基金项目:   国家自然科学基金(32273185)  国家重点研发项目(2020YFD0901205)  2021年农业农村部海洋渔业资源调查与探捕项目(D-8006-21-0215) 

关键词: 海表温度(SST) , 海流 , 盐度 , 叶绿素a(CHL) , 溶解氧 , 月光照度 , CPUE , 剑鱼

A review on factors influencing the distribution and longline CPUE of Xiphias gladius

1. College of Marine Sciences, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China;

2. National Engineering Research Center for Oceanic Fisheries, Shanghai 201306, China;

3. CNFC Overseas Fisheries Co., Ltd., Beijing 100032, China

Received Date:2023-02-27

Keywords: sea surface temperature(SST) , ocean current , salinity , chlorophyll a(CHL) , dissolved oxygen , moonlight illuminance , CPUE , Xiphias gladius

掌握剑鱼(Xiphias gladius)的分布特征,可为剑鱼的栖息生态、资源养护以及延绳钓渔具改进等研究提供科学依据。本文重点介绍了国内外关于影响剑鱼分布和延绳钓单位捕捞努力量渔获量(CPUE)因素等的研究成果,同时指出存在的问题,并提出今后进一步研究应采取的对策。结果表明:1)剑鱼进行昼夜垂直移动,根据水层含氧量变化呈"U"形移动模式,白天一般分布在8.5~13.3℃相对应的水层,夜间分布在23.6~26.2℃相对应的水层;2)剑鱼洄游到热带水域产卵和越冬,洄游到温带水域索饵;3)剑鱼聚集在锋面区和涡流场;4)月光照度影响剑鱼的垂直运动,月相也可能与剑鱼产卵行为有关;5)单丝延绳钓的剑鱼捕获率比复丝延绳钓高,浸泡时间与剑鱼CPUE呈正相关;6)使用荧光棒可提高剑鱼CPUE,荧光棒的浸泡时间与剑鱼CPUE也呈正相关。研究中存在的主要不足有:1)气侯变化与剑鱼栖息环境的关系研究不足;2)月光照度对剑鱼活动影响的定量研究较少,结论不充分;3)不同钩型、钓钩偏角与饵料对剑鱼CPUE的影响研究不足。建议今后对下列几个方面进行研究:1)增加TDR、CTD的测试实验,研究不同水层的温度、盐度、叶绿素a、溶解氧浓度等因素对剑鱼分布的影响;2)利用历史渔获统计数据、卫星遥感数据,结合海洋季风、信风的变化研究剑鱼分布与海洋环境之间的关系,找出气候变化对剑鱼分布的具体影响;3)运用照度计,定量研究月光照度对剑鱼及其饵料生物垂直运动和剑鱼产卵行为的影响;4)进一步研究不同钩型、钓钩偏角和不同饵料对剑鱼CPUE的影响。

Understanding the distribution characteristics of X.gladius can provide scientific basis for studying the habitat ecology of X.gladius, resource conservation and improving longline fishing gear.This paper highlights the results of domestic and international research on factors influencing the distribution and longline catch per unit effort (CPUE) of X.gladius, as well as the problems and proposes countermeasures to be taken for further research in the future.The results show that:1) X.gladius perform diurnal vertical movements, with a U-shaped movement pattern according to the changes of dissolved oxygen content in water layer, and generally distribute in the corresponding depth of 8.5-13.3 ℃ during the day and 23.6-26.2 ℃ during the night;2) X.gladius migrate to tropical waters for spawning and overwintering, and migrate to temperate waters for feeding; 3) X.gladius congregate in frontal areas and eddy fields;4) moonlight illumination affects the vertical movements of X.gladius, and moon phase may also be related to X.gladius spawning behavior;5) the catch rate of X.gladius in monofilament longline fishing is higher than that in polyfilament longline fishing, and the soaking time is positively correlated with the CPUE of X.gladius; 6) fluorescent rods in fishing gear can improve X.gladius CPUE, and the soaking time of fluorescent rods is positively correlated with X.gladius CPUE.The main shortcomings of the previous studies include:1) insufficient research on the relationship between climatic changes and the habitat change of X.gladius;2) less quantitative research on the effect of lunar illumination on X.gladius activity and the results are not robust;3) insufficient research on the effects of different hook types, hook offset and baits on X.gladius CPUE.The following issues are suggested for future research:1) increasing the testing experiments of TDR and CTD to study the effects of temperature, salinity, chlorophyll a and dissolved oxygen concentrations in different water layers on X.gladius distribution;2) using historical catch statistics and satellite remote sensing data to study the relationship between X.gladius distribution and marine environment in combination with changes in ocean monsoon and trade winds to find out the specific effects of climate change on X.gladius distribution;3) using illuminance meters to measure the illuminance of moonlight and quantitatively study the effects of monthly illuminance of moonlight on the vertical movements of X.gladius and their bait organisms and the spawning behavior of X.gladius; 4) further studying the effects of different hook types, hook offset and different baits on X.gladius CPUE.

参考文献

[1] Zhao R X,Miu S C.Basic survey of swordfish in the world[J].Modern Fisheries Information,2006,21(11):13-16.
[2] Song L M,Xu L X.Preliminary analysis of the biological characteristics of swordfish (Xiphias gladius) sampled from the Chinese tuna long-lining fleet in the central Atlantic Ocean[C]//ICCAT.Collective Volume of Scientific Papers.Madrid:ICCAT,2004,56(3):940-946.
[3] ICCAT.Report of the 2009 Atlantic swordfish stock assessment session[R].Madrid:ICCAT,2009:1-78.
[4] Ducharme-Barth N,Castillo-Jordán C,Hampton J,et al.Stock assessment of Southwest Pacific swordfish[C]//WCPFC.17th Regular Session of the Scientific Committee.Pohnpei:WCPFC,2021:1-7.
[5] Ortiz M,Justel-Rubio A,Parrilla A.Preliminary analyses of the ICCAT VMS data 2010-2011 to identify fishing trip behavior and estimate fishing effort[C]//ICCAT.Collective Volume of Scientific Papers.Madrid:ICCAT,2013,69(1):462-481.
[6] Ehrhardt N M.Age validation and growth of swordfish (Xiphias gladius) in the northwest Atlantic Ocean[J].Bulletin of Marine Science,1992,50(2):292-301.
[7] García-Cortés B,Mejuto J.Size-weight relationships of the swordfish (Xiphias gladius) and several pelagic shark species caught in the Spanish surface longline fishery in the Atlantic,Indian and Pacific Oceans[C]//ICCAT.Collective Volume of Scientific Papers.Spain:ICCAT,2002,54(4):1132-1149.
[8] Mejuto J,García-Cortés B.Size segregation,sex ratios patterns of the swordfish (Xiphias gladius) caught by the Spanish surface longline fleet in areas out of the Atlantic ocean and methodological discussion on gonadal indices[C]//ICCAT.Collective Volume of Scientific Papers.Spain:ICCAT,2003,55(4):1459-1475.
[9] Mejuto J,García-Cortés B.A description of a possible spawning area of the swordfish (Xiphias gladius) in the tropical northwest Atlantic[C]//ICCAT.Collective Volume of Scientific Papers.Spain:ICCAT,2003,55(4):1449-1458.
[10] Hazin F H V,Hazin H G,Boeckmann C E.Preliminary study on the reproductive biology of swordfish(Xiphias gladius) in the southwest equatorial Atlantic Ocean[C]//ICCAT.Collective Volume of Scientific Papers.Spain:ICCAT,2002,54(5):1560-1569.
[11] Carey F G,Robison B H.Daily patterns in the activities of swordfish Xiphias gladius observed by acoustic telemetry (Altantic,Pacific)[J].Fishery Bulletin,1981,79(2):277-292.
[12] Gilman E,Kobayashi D,Swenarton T,et al.Reducing sea turtle interactions in the Hawaii-based longline swordfish fishery[J].Biological Conservation,2007,139(1-2):19-28.
[13] Chancollon O,Pusineri C,Ridoux V.Food and feeding ecology of Northeast Atlantic swordfish (Xiphias gladius) off the Bay of Biscay[J].ICES Journal of Marine Science,2006,63(6):1075-1085.
[14] Behrenfeld M J,O’Malley R T,Siegel D A,et al.Climate-driven trends in contemporary ocean productivity[J].Nature,2006,444(7120):752-755.
[15] Neilson J D,Paul S D,Smith S C.Stock structure of swordfish (Xiphias gladius) in the Atlantic:a review of the non-genetic evidence[C]//ICCAT.Collective Volume of Scientific Papers.Canada:ICCAT,2007,61:25-60.
[16] Neilson J D,Smith S,Royer F,et al.Investigations of horizontal movements of Atlantic swordfish using pop-up satellite archival tags[M].Springer,Dordrecht:Tagging and tracking of marine-animals with electronic devices,2009:145-159.
[17] Poisson F,Fauvel C.Reproductive dynamics of swordfish (Xiphias gladius) in the southwestern Indian Ocean (Reunion Island).Part 2:fecundity and spawning pattern[J].Aquatic Living Resources,2009,22(1):59-68.
[18] Dewar H,Prince E D,Musyl M K,et al.Movements and behaviors of swordfish in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans examined using pop-up satellite archival tags:Swordfish movements in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans[J].Fisheries Oceanography,2011,20(3):219-241.
[19] Abecassis M.Modélisation des interactions entre l'espadon,la tortue caouanne et les palangriers dans l'océan Pacifique Nord[D].France:Université de Toulouse,2012.
[20] Palko B J,Beardsley G L,Richards W J.Synopsis of the biology of the swordfish,Xiphias gladius Linnaeus[M].Seattle,Washington:US Department of Commerce,National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration,National Marine Fisheries Service,1981.
[21] Lee H J,Jong Y J,Chang L M,et al.Propulsion strategy analysis of high speed swordfish[J].Transactions of the Japan Society for Aeronautical and Space Sciences,2009,52(175):11-20.
[22] Carey F G.Further acoustic telemetry observations of swordfish[C]//ICCAT.Proceedings of the Second International Billfish Symposium.United Kingdom:ICCAT,1990:103-21.
[23] Abascal F J,Mejuto J,Quintans M,et al.Horizontal and vertical movements of swordfish in the Southeast Pacific[J].ICES Journal of Marine Science,2010,67(3):466-474.
[24] Lerner J D,Kerstetter D W,Prince E D,et al.Swordfish vertical distribution and habitat use in relation to diel and lunar cycles in the western North Atlantic[J].Transactions of the American Fisheries Society,2013,142(1):95-104.
[25] Tserpes G,Peristeraki P,Valavanis V D.Distribution of swordfish in the eastern Mediterranean,in relation to environmental factors and the species biology[J].Hydrobiologia,2008,612(1):241-250.
[26] Seki M P,Polovina J J,Kobayashi D R,et al.An oceanographic characterization of swordfish (Xiphias gladius) longline fishing grounds in the springtime subtropical North Pacific[J].Fisheries Oceanography,2002,11(5):251- 266.
[27] Griffiths R C.Physical,chemical and biological oceanography at the entrance to the Gulf of California,spring of 1960[M].Falls Church,Virginia:US Department of the Interior,Bureau of Commercial Fisheries,1968.
[28] Owen R W.Fronts and eddies in the sea:mechanisms,interactions and biological effects[J].Analysis of Marine Ecosystems,1981:197-233.
[29] Sedberry G R,Loefer J K.Satellite telemetry tracking of swordfish,Xiphias gladius,off the eastern United States[J].Marine Biology,2001,139:355-360.
[30] Takahashi M,Okamura H,Yokawa K,et al.Swimming behaviour and migration of a swordfish recorded by archival tag[J].Marine and Freshwater Research,2003,54(4):527-534.
[31] Belkin I M,Cornillon P C,Sherman K.Fronts in large marine ecosystems[J].Progress in Oceanography,2009,81(1-4):223- 236.
[32] Hsu A C,Boustany A M,Roberts J J,et al.Tuna and swordfish catch in the U.S.northwest Atlantic longline fishery in relation to mesoscale eddies[J].Fisheries Oceanography,2015,24(6):508-520.
[33] Bell J D,Johanna J E,Hobday A J.Vulnerability of Tropical Pacific Fisheries and Aquaculture to Climate Change[M].Noumea,New Caledonia:Secretariat of the Pacific Community,2011.
[34] Chang Y J,Sun C L,Chen Y,et al.Habitat suitability analysis and identification of potential fishing grounds for swordfish,Xiphias gladius,in the South Atlantic Ocean[J].International Journal of Remote Sensing,2012,33(23):7523-7541.
[35] Lan KW,Lee M A,Wang S P,et al.Environmental variations on swordfish (Xiphias gladius) catch rates in the Indian Ocean[J].Fisheries Research,2015,166:67-79.
[36] Pizarro A G,Barría P.Characterization of the swordfish (Xiphias gladius) fishery in Chile[R].Latin American Institute of Fisheries:SWO-01 Meeting Report,2020,12:25-28.
[37] Fiúza A.Mesoscale and submesoscale shelf-ocean exchange processes off western Iberia[R].Instituto de Oceanografia,Universidade de Lisboa:MORENA Scientific and Technical Report,1996:39.
[38] Podesta G P,Browder J A,Hoey J J.Exploring the association between swordfish catch rates and thermal fronts on US longline grounds in the western North Atlantic[J].Continental Shelf Research,1993,13(2-3):253-277.
[39] Bigelow K A,Boggs C H,He X I.Environmental effects on swordfish and blue shark catch rates in the US North Pacific longline fishery[J].Fisheries Oceanography,1999,8(3):178-198.
[40] Santos A M P,Fiúza A F G,Laurs R M.Influence of SST on catches of swordfish and tuna in the Portuguese domestic longline fishery[J].International Journal of Remote Sensing,2006,27(15):3131-3152.
[41] Chang S K,Hsu C C.Development of standardized catch rate of South Atlantic swordfish for Taiwanese longline fleet[C]//ICCAT.Collection Volume of Scientific Paper.Spain:ICCAT,2002:2-120.
[42] Natale D A,Mangano A.Moon phases influence on CPUE:a first analysis of swordfish driftnet catch data from the Italian fleet between 1990 and 1991[C]//ICCAT.Collective Volume of Scientific Papers.Italian:ICCAT,1995,44(1):264-267.
[43] Bigelow K,Musyl M K,Poisson F,et al.Pelagic longline gear depth and shoaling[J].Fisheries Research,2006,77(2):173-183.
[44] Poisson F,Gaertner J C,Taquet M,et al.Effects of lunar cycle and fishing operations on longline-caught pelagic fish:fishing performance,capture time,and survival of fish[J].Aqua Docs,2010,108(3):268-281.
[45] Loefer J K,Sedberry G R,McGovern J C.Nocturnal depth distribution of western North Atlantic Swordfish (Xiphias gladius,Linnaeus,1758) in relation to lunar illumination[J].Gulf and Caribbean Research,2007,19(2):83-88.
[46] Canese S,Garibaldi F,Relini L O,et al.Swordfish tagging with pop-up satellite tags in the Mediterranean Sea[C]//ICCAT.Collective Volume of Scientific Papers.Italian:ICCAT,2008,62(4):1052-1057.
[47] Dewar H,Prince E D,Musyl M K,et al.Movements and behaviors of swordfish in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans examined using pop-up satellite archival tags[J].Fisheries Oceanography,2011,20(3):219-241.
[48] Orbesen E S,Snodgrass D,Shideler G S,et al.Diurnal patterns in Gulf of Mexico epipelagic predator interactions with pelagic longline gear:implications for target species catch rates and bycatch mitigation[J].Bulletin of Marine Science,2017,93(2):573-589.
[49] Suca J J,Rasmuson L K,Malca E,et al.Characterizing larval swordfish habitat in the western tropical North Atlantic[J].Fisheries Oceanography,2018,27(3):246-258.
[50] Ceyhan T,Tserpes G,Akyol O,et al.The effect of the lunar phase on the catch per unit effort (CPUE) of the Turkish swordfish longline fishery in the eastern Mediterranean Sea[J].Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria,2018,48(3):213-219.
[51] Guyomard D,Desruisseaux M,Poisson F,et al.GAM analysis of operational and environmental factors affecting swordfish (Xiphias gladius) catch and CPUE of the Reunion Island longline fishery,in the South Western Indian Ocean[C]//IOTC.4ème Session du Groupe de Travail de la CTOI sur les poissons Porte-épée.Indian:IOTC,2004.
[52] Hazin F H V,Hazin H G,Boeckmann C E,et al.Preliminary study on the reproductive biology of swordfish,Xiphias gladius (Linnaeus 1758),in the southwestern equatorial Atlantic Ocean[C]//ICCAT.Collective Volume of Scientific Papers.Spain:ICCAT,2002,54(5):1560-1569.
[53] Damalas D,Megalofonou P,Apostolopoulou M.Environmental,spatial,temporal and operational effects on swordfish (Xiphias gladius) catch rates of eastern Mediterranean Sea longline fisheries[J].Fisheries Research,2007,84(2):233-246.
[54] Moreno S,Pol J,Muñoz L.Influence of the moon on the abundance of swordfish[C]//ICCAT.Collective Volume of Scientific Papers.Portugal:ICCAT,1991,35(2):508-510.
[55] Draganik B,Cholyst J.Temperature and moonlight as stimulators for feeding activity by swordfish[C]//ICCAT.Collective Volume of Scientific Papers.Portugal:ICCAT,1988,27(1):305-314.
[56] Vega R,Licandeo R.The effect of American and Spanish longline systems on target and non-target species in the eastern South Pacific swordfish fishery[J].Fisheries Research,2009,98(1-3):22-32.
[57] Hazin H G,Hazin F H V,Travassos P,et al.Effect of light-sticks and electralume attractors on surface-longline catches of swordfish (Xiphias gladius,Linnaeus,1959) in the southwest equatorial Atlantic[J].Fisheries Research,2005,72(2-3):271-277.
[58] Beverly S,Curran D,Musyl M,et al.Effects of eliminating shallow hooks from tuna longline sets on target and non-target species in the Hawaii-based pelagic tuna fishery[J].Fisheries Research,2009,96(2-3):281-288.
[59] Dell J,Campbell R,Hillary R,et al.Standardised CPUE indices for the target species in the Eastern Tuna and swordfish fishery[R].IATTC:Technical Report Working Paper to the 29th meeting of Tropical Tuna Resource Assessment Group held,Australia,2020,9:10-11.
[60] Stone H H,Dixon L K.A comparison of catches of swordfish,Xiphias gladius,and other pelagic species from Canadian longline gear configured with alternating monofilament and multifilament nylon gangions[J].Fishery Bulletin,2001,99(1):210-216.

相关文章

[1] 陈晶, 聂青, 刘妍. 《WHO基本药物示范目录》与我国《国家基本药物目录》动态调整程序比较与借鉴.水产学报,2015(3): 289-293.doi:10.3866/PKU.WHXB201503022
  • 导出引用
  • 下载XML
  • 收藏文章
计量
  • 文章下载量()
  • 文章访问量()

目录

影响剑鱼分布和延绳钓CPUE的主要因素研究进展