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2022, 37(1): 47-53. doi: 10.13233/j.cnki.fishis.2022.01.007

水产养殖废水处理技术及展望

1. 中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所, 上海 200090;

2. 上海大学环境与化学工程学院, 上海 200444

收稿日期:2021-12-28
修回日期:2022-01-28

基金项目:   国家自然科学基金项目(41706142) 

关键词: 水产养殖 , 废水 , 处理技术

Review on treatment technology of aquaculture wastewater and its prospect

1. East China Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Shanghai 200090, China;

2. School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China

Received Date:2021-12-28
Accepted Date:2022-01-28

Keywords: aquaculture , wastewater , treatment technology

水产品是人类优质蛋白的主要来源。近年来,随着人类对优质蛋白需求量的提高和自然渔业资源的耗竭,水产养殖规模日益扩大,养殖过程中产生的大量废水造成的负面环境问题,严重阻碍了水产养殖业的可持续发展。鉴于此,在分析水产养殖废水特点的基础上,综述目前国内外理化与生物两大类水产养殖废水处理方法的研究进展,并介绍微生物制剂、人工湿地、废水循环处理系统等技术在养殖废水处理中的应用,最后提出,制定养殖废水排放标准推动执行养殖废水处理、优化组合现有养殖废水处理技术、开发绿色养殖模式以及减少源头污染物排放是未来应对养殖废水污染问题的方向。

Aquatic products are the main source of high-quality protein for human. In recent years, with the increase of human demand for high-quality protein and the depletion of natural fishery resources, the scale of artificial aquaculture has been expanding day by day. A large number of negative environmental problems caused by wastewater pop up in the aquaculture process, which seriously hinders the sustainable development of aquaculture. In view of this, based on the analysis of the characteristics of aquaculture wastewater, this paper summarizes the research progress of two kinds of aquaculture wastewater treatment methods of physicochemistry and biology at home and abroad, and introduces the application of microbial agents, construction of wetlands and wastewater recycling treatment system in aquaculture wastewater treatment. Finally, the paper points out that the aquaculture wastewater treatment technology can be promoted through the formulation of environmental protection standards, optimizing and combining the existing aquaculture wastewater treatment technology, developing green aquaculture mode and reducing the discharge of source pollutants.

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水产养殖废水处理技术及展望