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2023, 32(6): 1277-1286. doi: 10.12024/jsou.20221004002

南太平洋区域性渔业管理组织特点及中国的参与策略

1. 上海海洋大学 海洋科学学院, 上海 201306;

2. 上海海洋大学 外国语学院, 上海 201306

通讯作者: 邹磊磊, llzou@shou.edu.cn

收稿日期:2022-10-20
修回日期:2022-12-28

基金项目:   中国参与国际海洋渔业治理研究国家社科基金重大研究专项(17VHQ070);农业农村部印太有关国家涉渔活动监测分析研究项目(D-8021-22-0129-02) 

关键词: 南太平洋区域性渔业管理组织(SPRFMO) , 中国 , 规则制定 , 鱿鱼

Characteristics of the South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organization and China′s participation strategy

1. College of Marine Sciences, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China;

2. School of Foreign Languages, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China

Corresponding author: ZOU Leilei, llzou@shou.edu.cn

Received Date:2022-10-20
Accepted Date:2022-12-28

Keywords: South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organization (SPRFMO) , China , rule-making , squid

南太平洋区域性渔业管理组织(South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation,SPRFMO)在管理南太平洋渔业资源以及保护海洋生态系统方面发挥着重要作用。相较于其他区域性渔业管理组织(Regional Fisheries Management Organizations,RFMOs),SPRFMO在管理理念和管理措施等方面独具特色。作为SPRFMO成员,中国在开展渔业资源开发与养护时遵守既定措施,不断提高履约意识和履约能力,但是在积极参与规则制定方面还有待进一步提高。本文探讨中国如何以现有履约实践为基础,结合SPRFMO管理特点,发挥在鱿鱼生产和科研方面的优势,进一步深度参与SPRFMO议事规则和养护管理措施制定,更大地促进南太平洋渔业资源养护和渔业可持续发展,在维护我国渔业权益的同时,贡献渔业治理的中国方案。

The South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organization (SPRFMO) plays a vital role in managing fishery resources and protecting marine ecosystems in the South Pacific Ocean. Compared with other regional fisheries management organizations (RFMOs), SPRFMO is unique for its management philosophy and management measures. As a member of SPRFMO, China has complied with the established measures in the exploitation and conservation of fishery resources and has steadily continued to enhauce its compliance awareness and compliance ability. However, there is still room for China to further improve its active participation in rule-making.This paper discusses how China, with substantial SPRFMO compliance experiences and in good knowledge of SPRFMO management philosophy and management measures,takes advantage of its strengths in squid production and research to improve its involvement in making rules of procedures and the conservation and management measures, thus to facilitate the conservation and management of resources and sustainable development of fisheries in the South Pacific Ocean with Chinese solution to fisheries governance while safeguarding the rights and interests of China′s fisheries.

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南太平洋区域性渔业管理组织特点及中国的参与策略